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Demography

Nepal is an Asian country often known as the country of Himalayas which lies between two large countries i.e. India and China.

There are many things which make Nepal popular, but particularly it is known for the enormous number of peaks among which, the highest mountain (Mt Everest 8848m) is the most popular. Besides that Deepest Gorge (Kali Gandaki 1300m), Highest Lake on Earth (Tilicho 4919m), Land of Living Goddess (Kumari), Home of the Yeti, Land of Diverse Languages, Culture and Traditon, Birth Place of Gautam Buddha, Land of Art and Architecture, Rare Flora and Fauna and so on.

Nepal is a land-locked country. So the only option to enter is either through roadways or airways.

Except Indians all foreigners need visa to enter Nepal.

Yes, almost all of the countries can except for nationals of Afghanistan, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iraq, Liberia, Nigeria, Palestine, Somalia, Swaziland, Syria, Zimbabwe. They should apply for a visa from their homeland prior to arrival in Nepal.

The geography of Nepal can be divided into three main regions i.e. (Himalayan Range, Hilly Region, and Terai Region)

There are about 29,909,132 people residing in Nepal according to 2019 census.

Nepal is divided into 7 states and 77 districts and 744 local units including 4 metropolises, 13 sub-metropolises, 246 municipal councils and 481 villages.

According to myths, Kathmandu valley was a lake until the Tibetan saint, Manjushree, flew down to Kathmandu. Upon seeing the huge lake, he cut the Chobhar ridge in half with his mighty sword and drained the waters to allow civilization to flourish in the fertile sacred valley.

The Kathmandu Valley may have been inhabited as early as 300 BCE, since the oldest known objects in the valley date to a few hundred years BCE. The earliest known inscription is dated 185 CE.

About 9 places of Nepal are declared as wetland.

Annapurna Conservation Area has first established conservation area in 1986AD.

Rara is the largest lake of Nepal with an area of 10.8 km square.

The cities located outside Kathmandu are Pokhara, Chitwan, Bhairawa, Butwal, Biratnagar, Dharan and so on.

Culture

There are official 123 spoken languages in Nepal. The major language spoken is Nepali.

There are 59 officially indigenous nationalities recognized by government of Nepal.

Although there are numerous folk dances but are the most popular which are Tamang Selo, ChandiNach, DhaanNach, Chutki, Juhari/Dohori, Lakhe Dance and Maruni dance.

Some of the major thrilling adventure activities are; Bungee Jumping/Swing, White Water Rafting, Cannoning, Jungle Safari, Para Hawking/Paragliding, Mountain biking, zip flyer, Skiing, Rock Climbing, skydiving, Silver Triangle and so on.

First and foremost, you‘ll want to know how to greet the locals. The traditional manner of greeting in Nepal involves placing your palms together in a prayer style and saying "Namaste" or "Namaskar".

Daura-Suruwal or Labeda-Suruwal is the traditional outfit of Nepalese men where as Gunyou-Cholo is for female. It is also worn by Nepalese Origin of Sikkim and Darjeeling people.

Pashupatinath Nath Temple (Monkey Temple), Boudhanath(One of the largest Stupa in the world), Swayambhunath (Monkey temple), Kathmandu Durbar Square (The Place Where God Still Exists), Patan Durbar Square(The architectural heritage), Bhaktapur Durbar Square(Way back to culture), ChanguNarayan (Where Nepal's history starts), Lumbini (Birthplace of Buddha ), Chitwan National Park, and Sagarmatha National Park(Top Of The World) are the world heritage sites of Nepal.

There are four UNESCO world heritage listed sites

(Two Cultural, Two Natural) Kathmandu Valley (1979), Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (1997)

Chitwan National Park (1984), Sagarmatha National Park (1979).

Myths

There is a widespread myth that all Nepalese are Peak Climbers.

Religion

Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9.0%, Muslim 4.4% ,kiratist 3.0%, christain 1.4%, sikhs 0.1% and other religious 0.7%

It is believed that there are more than three hundred and thirty million Gods in Hindu religion.

Nepal is garden of four castes and thirty-six sub-castes.

Nepal is a garden of four castes and thirty-six sub-castes.

Developed from Vedic religion, Hinduism is a major religion of South Asia.

Founded by Siddhartha Gautama in the 6th century BC, Buddhism is a widespread Asian religion or philosophy.

Festivals

People here in Nepal celebrate enormous number of festivals according to their culture and tradition. Dashain and Tihar are the major festival celebrated in Nepal. There is a saying in Nepal which goes like: There are 366 festivals for 365 days a year. Which means more festivals than number of a year. Every single day there’s always something going on in certain regions of Nepal.

Politics

Nepal is now a federal republic country. There is a multi-party democracy in Nepal. We have had series of three major elections in Nepal; local Government election, State Assembly election and General election to Federal parliament. There is a political stability in Nepal and tourism friendly Government, Therefore, one can travel without any hesitation.

Accommodation

In cities, we use standard/superior standard/deluxe rooms whereas, during the trek, we use lodges/guesthouses/home stay for our clients and in the areas where even home-stays are not available we arrange tents and sleeping bags for our clients.

All major meals are included during the trek along with soup with the dinner. But while staying at city, only breakfast will be provided.

Choose a policy that covers medical and emergency repatriation, including helicopter evacuation for trekkers and general medical evacuation to Bangkok or Delhi, which alone can cost a US$40,000.

As long you are physically fit and curious to discover, you won’t require any previous experiences but you should be fit enough to walk 5-7 hours comfortably on reasonable trails.

Yes, solo trek is totally fine as long as you have previous experience of trekking in Nepal. Otherwise, we don’t recommend you to do that because some trekking region requires special permit and guide is must for restricted area therefore it’s always recommended to have a guide and a planned trip.

Easy – In this level, the walking duration may be anywhere in between 2 hours to 5 hours in a day. This level is flexible and easy so anyone can be part of these trips. These trips can include lots of breaks and resting time as per your comfort and need. 

Moderate- in this level we climb towards the altitude between 900m to 3,000m, good health and fitness condition is a must.

Hard- Paths are going to be difficult. Rough roads, tiring up and downs are a given in this grade. You need to make sure that you are in good health condition for these trips as we will be scaling up to 4,000 meters here.

Very hard- The strenuous level takes you to an altitude of 3,500 to 5,000m. These treks are going to be of longer duration and some trekking experience before is suggested and is beneficial. Your fitness game has to be very strong.

Severe- You will have to be fully equipped and should be ready to carry bag packs and other essential items if needed. These treks could last longer than your fixed duration. We hope you will be doing some physical fitness exercise alongside your trekking experience from before.

Very Severe- Since it includes crossing an altitude of 6,000m, you need to be exceptionally fit and willing to take the challenges across the way. This grade includes all the mountain climbing and peak expedition treks.

Extreme Severe- This grade demands extreme fitness and mountaineering experience. It includes climbing the high mountain that stands at an altitude of 8,000 m and known as killer mountains.

The costs are determined on the basis of the destination chosen, number of travelers, the number of days required for the completion of the route and timing of the trek. During the spring and autumn, the same trip can be priced higher than during summer or during winter.

The most popular are Thangka Paintings, Singing Bowls, Pashmina, Rice Paper Items, Khukuri, Handicrafts, Statues and Masks, Jewellery and Arts, Tea and Spices.

Your guide will be the person who has a major experience of culture, adventure and nature.

There are about six types of permits i.e. Special Trekking Permit for Restricted/Controlled Areas, Conservation Area Permit, National Park Entrance Permit, Peak Climbing and Mountaineering Permit, Filming and Documentary Shooting Permit.

There are about 15 restricted areas where you must get special permit to trek

The cost of Everest Base Camp Trekking is influenced by the itinerary made according to your suitability. Generally, the prices range per person from USD $1000 to USD $3000 for an average 12 days – 17 days including all your trekking accommodation, kathmandu-Lukla flight tickets, guide, and porter charge.

The policies contain solidarity, inspiration, appropriate clothing, awareness, health and wellbeing, weight limits, insurance, intensive wilderness, first aid training and politeness.

About 5km to 15km depending on condition of trekking trails and the altitude of the trekking route.

There are hotels from 2 to 5 stars category, some also like home stay or camping, it’s up to the guest to decide.

They are Everest Base Camp trek, Gokyo Lake, Classic Everest trek, Everest Panorama, Long Classic Everest and Gokyo-Kalapathar trek.

Annapurna Circuit, Annapurna Base Camp (ABC), Jomsom-Muktinath Trek, Ghorepani Poonhill Trek, Ghandruk Trek, Mustang Trek, Tilicho Lake, Royal Trek and Panchase Trek are the most popular trekking routes of Annapurna conservation area.

Langtang Valley trek, Gosaikunda trek, Helambu Trek, Langtang-Helambu Trek, Ganja La Pass, Ganesh Himal Trek and Shivapuri Trek are the famous trekking routes of Langtang region.

What are the destinations of Camping trekking (Off the Beaten Track) routes of Nepal?

Dhaulagiri Trek, Mustang Trek, Upper Dolpo Trek, Kanchenjunga, Manaslu Trek, Makalu Base Camp Trek, Ganesh Himal Trek, Rara Lake Trek, Simikot Trek, Sikles Trek and Rolwaling Trek are the Camping trek routes Of Nepal.

Driving

Yes, you can but it could be chaotic and the roads in Nepal are much more dangerous.

We usually drive to our left side. As in commonwealth countries.

Getting around in Nepal could be a challenging business. Because of the terrain, the weather, condition of roads, few trips go exactly according to plan but others may be delayed. Nepali ingenuity will usually get you to your destination in the end, but build plenty of time into your itinerary and treat the delays and mishaps as part of the rich tapestry that is Nepal.

Safety

Yes, Nepal is known as the one of the safest countries in South Asia for women. You will find people very friendly and respectful towards foreigners especially towards women but we highly recommend you to carry a guide or porter while you are travelling.

Mountaineering

We do provide necessary equipments like sleeping bags, duffel bags, tents and other basic needs required for trek and peak climbing, but you need to bring trekking boots, flip-flops or any other personal trekking and climbing equipments on your own.

There are almost 92 unclimbed peaks in Nepal (2017).

There are 1913 peaks in Nepal which are above 5500m.

Payments

One can easily pay in cash, or by card in Nepal. There are easy access to withdraw money from ATM machines. But it is always adviced to bring some cash along since the machines may not be reliable. 

Here at Swotah, clients can pay online on our website, or by POS machine or by cash on arrival.

All the details could be found on this part:

//www.swotahtravel.com/about/booking-and-cancellation

Adventure Activities

Some of the major thrilling adventure activities are; Bungee Jumping/Swing, White Water Rafting, Cannoning, Jungle Safari, Para Hawking/Paragliding, Mountain biking, zip flyer, Skiing, Rock Climbing, skydiving, Silver Triangle and so on.

Elephant Polo is international sport only held in Nepal.

General

Weed is considered illegal in Nepal.

Cow is the national animal of Nepal and is worshiped as Goddess Laxmi

Danphe/Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) is the national bird of Nepal.

There are 27 endangered species found in Nepal.

Tourists carrying more than 5,000.00 US dollar or equivalent foreign currency are requested to declare in the Custom Declaration Form at the time of arrival in Nepal.

Kalinchowk trek, Sailung Trek, Singla Pass (Jemrung Trekking) and Trisuli –Gorkha trek are the non-touristy areas in Nepal.

The General Post Office (Ph.: 4227499, 4470020) is located near Dharahara Tower and is open from 10 am to 5 pm from Monday to Thursday. On Fridays it remains open until 3 pm. Stamps, aerograms and postcards may be purchased from 7 am to 7 pm at the counters.

Bio Diversity

There are 208 mammal species reported including 28 species outside the limits of the protected areas but excluding four known extinct species.

Over 900 species of birds are known to exist in Nepal

There are 13 national parks in Nepal.

Over 876 species of birds are known to exist in Nepal

Shey Phoksundo National Park is largest national park with area covering 3555km2 (1,373 sq. mi).

Shivapuri National Park is smallest national park with area 159 km2(61 sq. mi).

The following Ramsar sites were declared between 1988 and 2008 ,Bishazari Tal – 3,200 ha (12 sq. mi),Ghodaghodi Tal – 2,563 ha (9.90 sq. mi),Gokyo Lake Complex – 7,770 ha (30.0 sq. mi), Gosaikunda – 13.8 ha (34 acres),Jagdishpur Reservoir – 225 ha (0.87 sq. mi), Koshi – 17,500 ha (68 sq. mi),Mai Pokhari – 90 ha (220 acres),Phoksundo Lake – 494 ha (1.91 sq. mi),Rara Lake – 1,583 ha (6.11 sq. mi),Lake Cluster of Pokhara Valley – 178.5 km2 (68.9 sq. mi)

Conservation areas of Nepal are:

AnnapurnaConservationArea – 7,629 km2 (2,946 sq. mi)

KanchenjungaConservationArea – 2,035 km2 (786 sq. mi)

Manaslu Conservation Area – 1,663 km2 (642 sq. mi)

BlackbuckConservationArea – 15.95 km2 (6.16 sq. mi)

Api Nampa Conservation Area – 1,903 km2 (735 sq. mi)

GauriShankar Conservation Area – 2,179 km2 (841 sq. mi)

Some of the endangeredanimals of Nepal are Snow Leopard, Bengal Tiger, Swamp Deer, Black Buck, Red Panda, One Horned Rhino, Asiatic Elephant, Striped Hyena etc.

Beyond the Border

Application for a Bhutan visa can be process by a travel/tour agent through the Tourism Authority of Bhutan.

Department of Archeology has to certify all metal statues, sacred paintings and similar objects before they are allowed to be sent or carried out of the country. Handicraft dealers and travel agents are able to assist you in this process.It is illegal to export objects over 100 years old (sacred images, paintings, manuscripts) that are valued for culture and religious reasons. Visitors are advised not to purchase such items as they are Nepal’s cultural heritage and belong here.

Passengers departing from the Tribhuvan International Airport are required to pay an airport tax of Rs. 900 if going to SAARC countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka) and Rs. 1130.00 to all other international destinations. Domestic airport tax is Rs. 170.

Visa & Immigration

A transit visa can be obtained from Airport Immigration for a period of 48 hrs on the presentation of airline ticket.

This visa is for those people who want to permanently live in Nepal.

This visa is for those people who want to permanently live in Nepal.
For the first year a fee of US$200 needs to be paid, and then each year it's renewed a fee of US$100. It's a multiply entry visa so you can come in and out of Nepal as you like.

Apart from used personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal free of duty cigarettes (200) or cigars (50), distilled liquor (one 1.15 liter bottle), and film (15 rolls). You can also bring in the following articles free of duty on condition that you take them out with you when you leave: binoculars, movie or video camera, still camera, laptop computer, and portable music system.

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