Nepal at Glance


Official name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Nepal motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Sanskrit)
                    Mother and Motherland are Greater than Heaven (English)

National anthem: सयौं थुँगा फूलका (Nepali)
                          Made of Hundreds of Flowers (English)

Area covered



Total area: 1, 47,

Land:1, 43,

Water: 4000 sq. km

Situated: South Asia

Location:  Mainly the Himalayas also includes some parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

Lattitude and Longitude: 26´12´ and 30´27´ North and 80 degree 4´ and 88 degrees 12´ East

Time zone: UTC+05:45 ( Nepal standard time)

                 Daylight saving time not observed

Geography: Landlocked (China to the north and India to the east, west, and south of Nepal)

Geographical division: 3 main regions

                                     Himalayan/Mountain Region(4877-8848 m from the sea level)

                                     Hilly Region (610- 4877m from the sea level)

                                     Terai region(70-610m from the sea level) 

Capital city: Kathmandu (28°10′N 84°15′E)

Official language: Nepali (at the national level; in 6 provinces)
                         Maithili and Bhojpuri (at the national level; in 1 province)
                         English (de facto lingua franca; legal documents)

Recognized National languages: Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Bajjika, Doteli, Gurung, Kiranti, Limbu, Magar, Maithili, Newar, Rai, Tharu, Urdu

People/ Demonyms: Nepalese

Ethnicity:  61 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages

Population: 28,982,771 (2016 estimate)

                    26,494,504 ( 2011 census)

                     Female: 14,870,577       

                      Male: 14,634,730

Population density: 180/km2 (466.2/sq mi) 

Life Expectancy: 64.94years for men and 67.44 years for women

Religion: 81.3% Hinduism
              9% Buddhism
              4.4% Islam
              3% Kirant
              1.4% Christianity
              0.4% Animism
              0.5% Irreligion

Climate: Sub-tropical in low lands and the Arctic in higher altitudes

Seasons: 5 main seasons

               Winter (November - February)

                Spring (February-April)


                Monsoon (Mid June - the beginning of September)

                Autumn (September - November)

Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic

President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari

Vice president: Nanda Kishor Pun

Prime minister: KP Sharma Oli

Currency: Nepalese Rupee ( NPR), रू 

Monetary unit: 1NRs = 100 paisa

Notes in use: Rs1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500 and 100 ( Notes of Rs 1, 2 and 25 are rarely used)

GDP:  $21.4 billion (as estimated in 2016)

GNI per capita: USD 480 (According to the census survey of 2010 conducted by World Bank)

Main Exports: Carpets, clothing garments, leather goods, jute goods, and handicrafts.

Industries: Tourism, carpet, textile, small rice, Jute, sugar, and oilseed mills, cigarettes, cement, and brick production.

Agriculture products: Rice, Corn, Wheat, Sugarcane, Jute, Root crops, Milk, water

Natural resources: Hydropower, magnificent mountains, copper, cobalt, iron, water

National parks

  •  Shey-Phoksundo national park
  • Sagarmatha National Park
  • Rara national park
  • Chitwan National park
  • Makalu Barun National park
  • Langtang national park
  • Shivapuri national park
  • Bardia national park
  • Kanchenjunga national park

Conservation area:

  • Annapurna conservation area
  • Manaslu conservation area

Wildlife reserve:

  • Shukla plant wildlife reserve
  • Dhorpatan hunting reserve
  • Koshi Tappu wildlife reserve
  • Parsa wildlife reserve

World heritage sites (Cultural):

  • Kathmandu Durbar Square
  • Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  • Patan Durbar Square
  • Swayambhunath
  • Boudhanath
  • Pashupatinath
  • Changaunarayan
  • Lumbini

Natural world heritage sites:

  • Royal Chitwan National park
  • Sagarmatha national park

Internet domain: .np

Telephone/ Postal code: +977

Driving side: Left

Emergency Numbers:

Police 100

Fire brigade 101

Ambulance 102

Traffic Police 103

Children Search Coordination Centre 104

Nepali Army-Kathmandu 105 

 The military police 106


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