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Flowers in Nepal: Varied Flora of Nepal

  Written by : Swotah travel

   Jan 19, 2023


Flowers in Nepal: Varied Flora of Nepal

If there is one country that can rightfully lay claim to being home to the most diverse floral place on earth, it has to be Nepal. With nearly 6,000 species of flowers identified to date - many of which are found nowhere else in the world - there is no doubt that the Nepalese flora is truly amazing to behold.


The variety of flora in Nepal is truly astounding, and it would be difficult to do it justice in the space of a single blog post.

From the delicate orchids and rhododendrons that adorn the landscape to the rare and endangered species of plants that are found in the remote regions of the country, Nepal is a country that has a wealth of flora to explore.


Today we are going to take a closer look at some of the flowers that are found in Nepal and some of the key characteristics that make them unique. 


Overview of Nepal’s Native Flowers


Nepal boasts a diverse array of botanical treasures, with approximately 1,700 flowering plants indigenous to the region and 300 species that can also be found in other parts of the world. Furthermore, an additional 2,500 plants have naturally migrated to Nepal since its beginning, meaning the number of plant species native to Nepal is undoubtedly much higher than previously thought. The lush terrain of Nepal boasts an abundance of uncommon and rare botanical species, including a plethora of plants and flowers that are indigenous to the region and cannot be discovered elsewhere on the globe. Here is a quick look at some of the most notable examples of Nepali flowers. 


Rhododendrons (Lali Gurash)


Photo: Rhododendrons (Laligurash)


Rhododendrons are a very popular flower in Nepal and they can be found growing in abundance all over the surrounding countryside. These magnificent plants can reach over 10 metres/32 ft in height and their beautiful blooms are every bit as vibrant and colourful as you would expect. 


Marigold Aka (Saipatriphool) 


Photo: Marigold (Sayepatri)


The vivid shades of yellow adorning our homes and gardens during Dashain and Tihar are an unforgettable part of our cherished memories of these festivals. These vibrant yellow flowers hold an auspicious significance and are commonly used for decoration and as offerings to the gods. Marigolds grow between 0.1 and 2.2 meters tall.  


Poinsettia or (Lalu Pate)

lalu patey flower

Photo: Poinsettias (Lalu Pate)


Poinsettias, also referred to as Lalu Pate in Nepali, reveals their vibrant red leaves and yellow flowers in their peak flowering period from November to December. These plants can grow up to 4 meters/13 ft in height and are commonly seen during the Christmas time of the year.


Purple globe Amaranth (Makhamali Phool)

makhmali full

Photo: Purple Globe Amaranth (Makhamali Phool)


The Purple Globe Amaranth, or Makhamaliphool, is a special flower deeply rooted in Nepalese cultural celebrations. Its deep magenta petals and mix of amber, off-white, pink, and purple florets make it a beautiful addition to any bouquet. Besides its velvety texture, the flower has no scent.


Sunakhari or Orchids

Sunakhari full

Photo:Sunakhari Phool


The Orchids, also known as Sunakhari, are a true gem of the floral kingdom in Nepal. Their numbers continue to grow, with over 385 registered varieties in the country. Orchids possess high-value prices because of their high quality and herbal medicine importance. To witness the Orchids' splendor, plan a visit to the Godavari Botanical Garden between March to April and July to August.


Parijat or Night-flowering Jasmine


Photo: Parijat Flower


Nyctanthes Parijat, also known as Night-flowering jasmine, is a gorgeous and hardy plant aboriginal to South and Southeast Asia. Its rapid propagation and ability to bloom within a mere year of planting make it a highly sought-after addition to any botanical landscape. Reaching heights of up to 10 meters/ 32 ft, it is a stunning visual display of natural beauty. The delicate, white, sweet-scented blooms of this flora gracefully flourish from July to October. In addition to its aesthetic charm, it is also renowned for its medicinal properties, specifically in easing digestive and respiratory diseases


Kalki or Bottle Brush flower

Bottle Brush

Photo: Kalki


Bottle Brush flower, aka Kalki, is Known for its brush-like red blooms. It can be grown in lowlands and elevations up to 1800 meters/ 5905 ft.


This flower makes an ideal addition to any home garden when it is planted from September through march. The colour of this flower varies typically from red to yellow, green, orange, or white. 


Types of Seasonal Flowers in Nepal


Throughout the Nepali year, a range of flowers is in bloom at various times. This includes flowering plants as well as wildflowers such as orchids and rhododendrons. There are also some beautiful examples of seasonal flowers in Nepal, which can be enjoyed throughout the year. These can include lilies, tulips, and daffodils, as well as the delicate snowdrops which begin to flourish at the onset of spring. Spring is a season of renewal and rejuvenation, and nowhere is this more obvious than the vast collection of flowers in the wellspring.


Photo: Rhododendron  blooming during spring


Nepal has mixed spring flowers, including pansies or Putali Phul, snapdragons or Khukhurmukhe Phul, dianthus, single and double petunias, gazanias, and Grecian windflowers. Gazania flowers, in particular, have the added benefit of surviving for over a year. However, the rest of these spring flowers' lifeline is up to seven months. These spring flowers are beautiful as they provide energy and renewal to any space they settle.


The Autumn season has its superabundance of flowers that can be seen in vibrant shades and unique forms. Many flowers like Chrysanthemum, Tuberose, Tulip, Poinsettia, Gardenia, Bougainvillea, Dahlia, Gazania, and Amaranthus blooms in Nepal, displaying a unique range of flowers from vibrant to light. The Chrysanthemum, a classic autumn flower, is large and colourful. It mainly blooms in yellow, red, white, and purple shades. Likewise, the Tuberose, with its aromatic, trumpet-shaped flowers, adds a touch of elegance to any garden. The Tulip, with its wide range of colors and sizes, is a staple of autumn gardens. The Poinsettia, with its bright red and green leaves, is a popular indoor decor for the holiday season.


Wild Flowers of Nepal


The wildflower is not intentionally seeded or planted but is evolving to bloom in the challenging Himalayan ranges. The Delphinium Glaciale, or Glacier Larkspur, is a unique example of a wildflower in Nepal. This plant has an aerodynamic profile that helps protect it against high winds. Likewise, their juice is quite helpful in getting rid of ticks too. 


Another wildflower found in Nepal is Senecio albopurpureus, or Scree ragwort. This highly fragrant yellow flower has long underground stems that allow it to hold on to the shifting substrate and is known for its ability to withstand harsh conditions. Inside, the pollinator finds a protected space with purple flowers, providing a respite from the cold and wind. This plant is considered sacred by Buddhist lamas and is used as incense for the naga deity.


The Snowball plant, or Saussurea Gossypifera, is another unique wildflower. This plant can help pollinate those areas where flying insects are generally low. The cotton-like hairs on the plant weave together when winds hit the flower, forming a small hole at the top, allowing pollinators to enter. 


The Smooth ground daisy, or Waldheimia glabra, is a fragrant plant that can be found tucked into cracks between rocks to escape the cold winds. In Sherpa culture, dried plants give a pleasant fragrance to stored blankets or clothing. Likewise, in Rai culture, shamans make a paste from the root and put it in an amulet to protect against evil spirits and sickness.


The Mountain sorrel, or Oxyria digyna, is a panarctic-alpine plant. The leaves of this flower are high in Vitamin C and oxalic acid and are used in treating dysentery. Lastly, the Gland-bearing sandwort, or Arenaria glanduligera, is a small fragrant wildflower that can be found tucked into rock crevices. This flower shelters from wind and cold but risks exposure when the rocks shift.


What Are the Colours Available?


The colors available for flowers in Nepal are yellow, pink, white, and purple (among others). These colors result from the plant's response to the soil type and climate it is growing. Yellow flowers are typically found in areas with mild temperatures, purple ones in hot and dry places, and pink flowers in areas with moderate weather. White flowers are found most commonly in cold mountainous regions. Many of the flowers we see in Nepal are scented, which is one of the reasons they are used in religious ceremonies. This is pleasing to the human sense of smell and enhances the ceremony's aesthetic appeal. 


Red flowers symbolise love and passion and are primarily used for romantic and auspicious occasions such as Roses, poppies, and hibiscus. Likewise, Pink flowered plants like lilies and lotus are commonly related to femininity and elegance and are frequently selected for weddings and other significant events. Yellow flowers, such as marigolds and sunflowers, mark the arrival of joy, happiness, and positivity, so they are mainly used for religious ceremonies. 

White flowers, such as lilies and jasmine, reflect purity and innocence as they are used for religious ceremonies and as offerings to the gods.


How Much Do Flowers Cost in Nepal?


The cost of flowers in Nepal can vary depending on the type of flower and the purchase location. Generally, the prices range from NPR 50 to NPR 2000.


Common flowers such as marigolds and roses can be purchased at a relatively low cost, with a bouquet of marigolds costing approximately NPR 50 and a bouquet of roses ranging from NPR 150 to NPR 250. In comparison, exotic flowers such as orchids and lilies can be more expensive than marigolds, with a single orchid costing approximately NPR 500 and a bouquet of lilies ranging from NPR 750 to NPR 1000.


Flowers for special occasions, such as weddings and religious ceremonies, may also come at a higher cost, whereas a bouquet for a wedding can be between NPR 1000 to NPR 2000.


The varied flora of Nepal serves as an inspiration to botanists, nature enthusiasts, and anyone who appreciates the splendor of nature. The preservation and conservation of these precious flowers are essential for the country's sustainable development. 


Also Read: The Most Romantic Treks in Nepal for Couples



What is the National Flower of Nepal? 

The National Flower of Nepal is the Rhododendron arboreum, also known as lali gurans.

 What is the Favourite flower in Nepal? 

The Lali Gurans is the favorite flower of Nepal, and it is also the National Flower of Nepal. The flower is a symbol of life, joy, and beauty. How many types of flowers are there in Nepal? There are 6000 species of flowering plants in Nepal. 

Which flower is used during Dashain for decorations.? 

The marigold flower is the most popular flower used during Dashain for decorations. 

What is the Nepali name of Rhododendron?

Lali gurans is the Nepali name of Rhododendron.

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