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8 Things You Need to Know Before Visiting Makalu Barun National Park

  Written by : Swotah travel

   Sep 19, 2022


8 Things You Need to Know Before Visiting Makalu Barun National Park

Makalu Barun National Park is one of Nepal's most biodiverse and remote national parks. Situated on the trekking route to Mt. Makalu Base Camp, this area covers 1500sq. km and stretches across the Solukhumbu and Sankhuwasabha Districts of Nepal.


This park is home to some of the world's rarest animals, including the red panda, snow leopard, and musk deer. It is also one of the few places in Nepal where you can see the Himalayan black bear. With such a diverse range of wildlife, Makalu Barun National Park is a must-visit for any nature lover.

Here are some things you need to know before visiting Makalu Barun National Park:


1. History

In 1991, Makalu Barun National Park was formed as an eastern extension of Sagarmatha National Park with an area of 1500 km. In addition, the 830-square-kilometer border zone was expanded in 1999.

Limbu, Sherpa, Yakkha, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Newar, Brahmin, and Chhetri are some of the main ethnic groups in Makalu Barun National Park.

The area was originally settled by the Limbu people, who came from Tibet in the 13th century.

Makalu Barun National Park is named after Mt. Makalu (the world's fifth-highest mountain) and Barun River (one of Nepal's major rivers).


2. Only protected area with an elevation gain of 8,000m

Makalu Barun National Park is the only protected area in the world with an elevation gain of more than 8000m. Its upper part is covered with snow-capped peaks, including Mt. Makalu (8,463m) the fifth highest mountain in the world and the fourth highest in Nepal. Mt. Chamlang (7,319m), Mt. Baruntse (7,129m) and Mt. Mera Peak (6461m).  


3. Deepest valley in the world

The Arun Valley, which runs through Makalu Barun National Park, is the deepest valley in the world.  This valley provides you with breathtaking Himalayan scenery, including views of Mount Everest, Mt. Makalu, Mt. Baruntse, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Nuptse, and more.

Likewise, Arun valley also provides an alternative route to reach the Everest area.  

4. Getting There

Daily flights from Kathmandu to Lukla, Phaplu, Lamidanda, Bhojpur, and Tumlingtar will take you close to Makalu Barun National Park in Nepal. You can then easily access the park from any of these destinations.


5. When to Go

Makalu Barun National Park is open year-round, but the best time to visit is from March to May and October to November. These months offer the most pleasant weather, with temperatures ranging from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. The park experiences its heaviest rainfall from June to September, so visitors should be prepared for wet conditions if they travel during this time. 


6. Wildlife and Vegetation

Makalu Barun National Park is home to some of the world's rarest and most endangered animals. The park is also an important repository of Nepal's rich biodiversity. Over 500 species of birds, including many migratory bird species, have been recorded in the park. Some rare and threatened mammals found in the park include the snow leopard, red panda, Asiatic black bear, and musk deer. The park's vegetation is equally diverse, with over 30 different types of forest ecosystems. These include subtropical forests at lower elevations to alpine meadows higher up. 


7. Entry Fees To Makalu Barun National Park

Nepalese citizens are not required to pay an entrance fee. Citizens of the SAARC nations listed above, such as Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Maldives, and Sri Lanka, must pay an INR 100/- entrance fee. The entrance fee for foreign tourists is INR 1,000 per person.


8. Park facilities: 

The Makalu Tourism Association provides kerosene stoves and blankets for porters. The trekking group must pay for these facilities, which the porters use. Four shelters have been built specifically for sleeping purposes inside the park.

Likewise, Seven campsites have been designated ( Khongma 3500 m, Dobato 3500m, Yangle 3570m, Neghe 3700m, Langmale 4100m, Shershong 4600m) for tourists.


Things to do in Makalu Barun National Park

Makalu Barun National Park is a protected area in the Himalayas of Nepal that encompasses Makalu Barun Valley and the adjoining Buffer Zone. The park is also home to Makalu Base Camp, the starting point for expeditions to Mount Makalu, the fifth highest mountain in the world. Makalu Barun National Park offers a variety of activities for visitors, including hiking, camping, bird watching, and wildlife viewing. 


The Makalu Barun National Park trekking starts from Kathmandu and ends in Yangle Kharka. The Makalu trekking trail goes through the dense rhododendron, oak, and pine forest.  The best time to do this trek is from March to May and October to November.

Bird Watching

Makalu Barun National Park is home to various birds, including Hill Partridge, Himalayan Bulbul, Red-vented Bulbul etc. The best time to go bird watching is from March to May. 

Experience Sherpa culture and visit monasteries

 Makalu Barun National Park is home to the Sherpa people, an ethnic group from the Himalayas. The Sherpa people are known for their mountaineering skills and their Buddhist religion. Visitors to Makalu Barun National Park can experience Sherpa culture by visiting monasteries and villages.


Is the Makalu Barun National Park open all year round?

Yes, the national park is open throughout the year. However, some of the trails and areas may be closed off during certain seasons due to weather conditions.


What are the best times to visit Makalu Barun National Park?

The best time to visit the national park is during the months of October and November. This is when the weather is most stable, and the views are at their best.


What should I bring with me when visiting Makalu Barun National Park?

When packing for a trip to the national park, be sure to bring plenty of warm clothing, as the temperatures can drop significantly at night. It is also a good idea to bring along insect repellent, as there are a lot of mosquitoes in the area.



Makalu Barun National Park is a must-vist  anyone looking to experience Nepal's rich biodiversity. The park has something for everyone with over 500 species of birds and different types of forest ecosystems. Whether you're interested in trekking, bird watching, or simply enjoying the scenery, Makalu Barun National Park will surely exceed your expectations.


 So what are you waiting for? Make your plans today and start exploring this amazing national park!


Have you ever been to Makalu Barun National Park? What was your favorite part of the park? Let us know in the comments below!

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