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What does the Yeti Plane Crash Means for Nepal's Tourism?

  Written by : Swotah travel

   Jan 17, 2023

  71 Views

What does the Yeti Plane Crash Means for Nepal's Tourism?

Though we may plan and prepare, life often takes an unexpected turn.

 

It is one of the most tragic news for Nepal - another plane crash that shattered the people nationally and worldwide. Yeti Airlines flight that flew from Kathmandu to Pokhara crashed while landing and caught fire afterward.

 

The recent airplane accident near Pokhara Airport resulted in the tragic loss of all 72 people on board, including 68 passengers and 4 crew members, who were travelling from Kathmandu.

 

It was a twin-engine ATR 72 aircraft that flew under Yeti Airlines. There has not been any mention of the real cause of the disaster - the weather and visibility were clear. It has been confirmed that this plane crash is the most dreadful mishap in 30 years.

 

We collected some information from the recent Yeti Airlines Plane Crash in Pokhara. Read till the end.

 

Yeti Airlines Aircraft Crashed Near Pokhara Airport | What Happened?

The Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal mentioned that the twin-engine ATR 72 aircraft operated by Yeti Airlines crashed while landing in Pokhara. As per the report of CAAN, the plane took off at 10:33 am from Kathmandu's Tribhuwan International Airport and was close to landing at Pokhara Airport.

 

However, it crashed into a river gorge on the Seti River's bank - the mishap occurred 20 minutes after the take-off time. The total flight time from Kathmandu to Pokhara is 25 minutes, so it is said that the crash happened on the verge of descent. The plane's last contact with the airport was from Seti Gorge at 10:50 am - after that, it crashed.

 

As seen by the local witnesses, the plane caught fire while landing, which made the mishap more tragic. Also, it has been challenging for the rescue team to work effectively.

yeti plane crash

Local witnesses mentioned that half of the plane was on the hillside while the other half went into the Seti River gorge. They also stated that the aircraft tried not to hit the residential areas while crashing. There was a small space beside Seti River, where it went down by the fire. Several footages came out with the view of heavy smoke from the aircraft at that time.

 

As of now, hundreds of rescue personnel are working in the field. Military assistants, local people, and governmental rescue workers have tried their best to sort out the situation.

 

Similarly, there has been a cabinet meeting in the Constituent Assembly by Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal. The rescue teams were allotted right after the mishap took place. He mentioned that he was 'deeply saddened by the sad and tragic accident.'

 

'I sincerely appeal to the security personnel, all agencies of the Nepal government, and the general public to start an effective rescue,' he wrote on his Twitter.

 

What Caused Yeti Aircraft's Crash?

Most of the time, it is said that airplanes crash due to technical difficulties, including piloting and the plane's health. Even most of the time, weather and climate are the main reasons for this deadly mishap. When it comes to the recent aircraft accident in Pokhara, the weather and visibility were clear, which stirred the cause of its crash.

 

There is ongoing research and rescue activity on the plane crash site. However, it's very challenging due to the overcrowding on the scene and the fire of the wreckage. Local news cited that the rescue team has urged people to remain calm and help them in the rescue plan.

 

More information is yet to come since the rescue is not complete. As soon as it is over, there will be a technical analysis. Generally, the 'Blackbox' of all planes restores all the records about flights and procurement. We hope that the reason behind the mishap will come forth soon.

 

Black Box, otherwise known as Flight Data Recorder, is a tool for recording the activities of the aircraft. Generally, planes have two black boxes, one at the front and one at the back.

 

Who Are The Victims? Name And Nationality Revealed

Seventy-two people were on board when the Yeti Airlines aircraft crashed near Pokhara Airport on January 15, 2023. Sixty-eight were passengers, while four others were crew members. Recently, the reports of all demised passengers have come forth. Who are they? Let's take a look:

 

Reports show that 53 passengers out of 68 were Nepalese Citizens, while 5 Indians, 4 Russians, and one from Argentina, Ireland, Australia, and France were on board. 

 

You can view the list of the passengers who lost their lives here.

 

History of Plane Crashes In Nepal | How Many Have Died To Date?

To date, more than 42 plane crashes have taken place in Nepal, dating back to 1962. The first mishap in Nepal (Royal Nepal Airlines DC-3 crash) happened on August 1, 1962, near Tulachan Dhuri and all ten passengers lost their lives.

 

A series of plane crashes have followed since then. The Royal Nepal Airlines DC-3 crash was another plane crash that happened on July 12, 1969. It crashed in Hetauda in Makwanpur District, killing all 31 passengers and four crew members.

 

Similarly, in July 1992, an Airbus 310 operated by Thai Airways crashed while approaching the airport in Kathmandu and took the lives of 99 passengers and 14 crew on board. The plane hit the mountain 37 km north of Kathmandu due to the heavy rain. Also, in the September of the same year (1992), 167 people lost their lives in a Pakistan International Airlines plane crash. Reports cited that the aircraft collided with a mountain as it descended to Tribhuwan International Airport in Kathmandu.

 

The following year in 1993, saw the mishap of Dornier aircraft operated by EverestAir near Chule Ghopte hill, killing 16 passengers and three crews. Similarly, a Twin Otter operated by Royal Nepal Airlines met with a tragic accident during its descent to Dhaulagiri Airport in July 2000, killing 22 passengers and three crew members.

 

Furthermore, the death of Princess Prekshya Shah of Nepal and five other passengers came on a chartered helicopter flight in November 2001.

 

Another six passengers and crew members lost their lives in a Yeti Aircraft accident in June 2006. Similarly, 24 passengers and crew members were killed in a chartered helicopter flight by Shree Air helicopter in 2006.

 

Buddha Airlines' Beechcraft 1900D is in the next queue in Nepal's history of plane crashes. The accident took the lives of nineteen passengers, out of which ten were Indians. Similarly, a Dornier plane crashed on a hilltop taking the lives of 15 people - 13 were Indian pilgrims. Moreover, the crash of UH-1Y Huey in Charikot took the lives of six US Marines and two Nepali Army personnel in May 2015. The motive of the flight was to assist in a campaign for Earthquake relief.

 

The crash of the Air Kashthamandap aircraft is next on the list - it crashed in Kalikot district, and two crew members died while eleven passengers were reported injured. Similarly, a US-Bangla airline with 71 passengers on board crashed on a football pitch in Kathmandu, killing fifty-one people and leaving the rest injured in March 2018.

air dynasty plane crash in taplejung

An Air Dynasty helicopter crashed in February 2019 due to bad weather and took seven people's lives, including the Tourism Minister, Rabindra Adhikari. The recent crash is from May 2022, when a Tara Airplane crashed in the Mustang District of Nepal. The mishap killed all twenty-two passengers on board. The initial reports said that the plane met with a tragic accident due to bad weather.

 

Accident

Date

Yeti Airlines Crash

January 15, 2023.

Tara Airplane Crash

May 2022

Air Dynasty Helicopter

February 2019

US-Bangla Airline Aircraft

March 2018

Air Kashthamandap

February 2016

Air Dornier

May 2012

Buddha Air's Beechcraft 1900D

September 2011

Shree Air Helicopter Crash

September 2006

Yeti Airlines Craft

June 2006

Royal Nepal Airlines Twin-Otter

July 2000

Everest Air Dornier

July 1993

Airbus A300 (Pakistan International Airlines)

September 1992

Thai Airways Airbus 310

July 1992

 

 

How Many People Have Died In Airplane Crash In The World?

 

The sad reality of aircraft accidents has resulted in the loss of countless individuals globally, dating back to the beginning of the powered flight.

The first fatality of a powered flight occurred in 1908 when Thomas Selfridge lost his life with Orville Wright during a showoff flight. Since then, the number of deaths resulting from airplane accidents has risen in proportion to the size and capacity of airplanes. 2014 was a tragic year for aviation, losing 520 lives in two devastating plane accidents. 

 

The first occurred with the mysterious disappearance of Malaysia Airlines MH370, leaving families and loved ones in a state of grief and uncertainty. 

Unfortunately, four months later, another tragedy struck with the crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17, compounding the heartbreak and sorrow felt by the aviation community.

 

Moreover, the fatal accident dates back to 1977, claiming the lives of 583 people in the Tenerife airport disaster.

 

In 1996, the Charkhi Dadri midair collision tragically resulted in the loss of 349 lives - the highest recorded number of fatalities from a midair collision. Similarly, the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center were also devastating, claiming the lives of 2,606 individuals.

 

If we were to count the commercial jet accidents, according to Boeing, there were 1,798 accidents, 603 of which were disastrous, resulting in 29,025 onboard fatalities and an additional 1,173 ground or noncommercial aircraft collision deaths, spanning the period of 1959 to 2011. However, their recent study suggests a drop in commercial aviation accident fatality rates in recent years.

 

In the context of Nepal, the gloriousness of Nepal's mountain ranges, which boast eight of the earth's 14 highest peaks, including Mount Everest, presents a challenging obstacle for the aviation industry. 

 

Over the past two decades, at least 309 individuals have tragically lost their lives due to plane or helicopter crashes in this rugged terrain. The unpredictable and rapidly changing weather conditions in Nepal can make flying difficult. 

 

One fatal incident in Nepal occurred on August 1, 1962, when a plane crash occurred as a Douglas DC-3 operated by Royal Nepal Airlines met its end en route to India. The demolition of the ill-fated aircraft, registered as 9N-AAP, was discovered near Tulachan Dhuri in Nepal. This incident took the lives of ten passengers, including four crew members. 

 

History repeated on July 31, 1992, when Thai Airways International Flight 311 tragically crashed while approaching Tribhuvan International Airport. The accident's cause was said to be the captain and air traffic controller's loss of situational awareness due to linguistic and technical challenges, as well as the first officer's lack of initiative and poor command of English.

 

Moreover, another similar incident occurred On September 28, 1992, where Pakistan International Airlines Flight 268, registration AP-BCP, tragically met its demise as it approached Kathmandu's Tribhuvan International Airport. The flight carried 167 people on board, including 155 passengers and a dedicated crew of 12. Regrettably, 167 lost their lives in this devastating incident. The tragic incident stands as the most catastrophic event in the history of both Pakistan International Airlines and Nepal's history.

 

Before the most recent air crash in Pokhara, US-Bangla Airlines Flight 211 crash was brutal, where the flight from Dhaka, Bangladesh, tragically crashed upon landing in Kathmandu, Nepal. The 76-seat Bombardier Q400 aircraft exploded into flames, resulting in 51 deaths. Fortunately, 20 critically injured survivors were among the 71 passengers on board. The majority of the Nepali victims were medical students returning home from school. A government committee concluded that pilot disorientation and a loss of situational awareness were likely the cause of the disaster. 

 

Despite the dangers, the allure of the mountains continues to draw adventurers and thrill-seekers from around the globe as the aviation industry in Nepal continues to operate with maximum caution and safety in mind. 

 

What the recent Yeti Plane Crash Means for Nepal's Tourism?

The recent Yeti Plane Crash has sent shockwaves through the entire world. The tragedy has left the people of Nepal with a deep sense of grief and sorrow. The accident has also cast a shadow of doubt over the safety of air travel in Nepal.

 

The Yeti Plane Crash has raised questions about the safety of air travel in Nepal and has had an immediate impact on the country’s tourism industry. The impact is being felt in the form of decreased bookings for flights to Nepal and a decrease in the number of tourists choosing to visit the country.

 

In order to ensure the safety of tourists and restore faith in the tourism industry, the Nepal government has taken several steps. These include increasing the number of air traffic controllers and personnel, implementing the latest safety standards, and ensuring that all airlines adhere to the highest safety protocols. The government has also formed a special commission to investigate the cause of the accident.

 

 

Is it safe to visit Nepal in 2023?

In terms of safety, Nepal is a great choice for a tourist destination. After the recovery from the COVID pandemic, the country has been one of the top destinations of tourism and its rich culture, stunning landscapes and diverse wildlife are known all around the world. 

However, the question remains: Is It Safe To Visit Nepal in 2023? Recently, we experienced the tragic accident of Yeti Airlines, killing all 72 people on board. In between eight months, there have been a couple of plane accidents and it’s an alert for everyone who visits the country. But in the meantime, there are several safety protocols and guidelines to make sure of the safe and enjoyable experience. CAAN has always worked on developing and implementing safety guidelines for every passenger on the flight.

If you compare the probability of plane accidents in Nepal with the United States, Nepal can be considered safe. Reports show that 6.84 of every 100,000 flight hours had a fatal mishap while Nepal yielded only 27 crashes in three decades. Since 2008, the US has had a record of around 13 thousand crashes.


If you see in terms of crimes, the country is one of the peaceful nations in the world. The crime rates are comparatively low - so it's safe to say Nepal is safe to visit in 2023.


What Has the Nepal Government Done For Aircraft And Passengers' Safety?


The Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN) handles the airline guidelines aligning them to Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP). CAAN is a board responsible for developing, implementing, and monitoring the plan in Nepal.


CAAN has worked on creating the manifesto of the National Aviation Safety Plan (NASP 2018-2022). It works on Safety Enhancement Initiatives (SEI) after successfully identifying the safety deficiencies in the national aviation system.


According to the NASP, there are several goals which include the following points:


  • ▪️ Achieve a continuous reduction of operational safety risks

  • ▪️ Strengthen the safety oversight capabilities of Nepal

  • ▪️ Implement Effective State Programmes (SSP)


Similarly, there have been developments in Safety Enhancement Initiatives. Some of them are listed below:


  • ▪️ Development of comprehensive regulatory oversight framework (GASP and SEI)

  • ▪️ Establishment of an independent accident and incident investigation authority

  • ▪️ Qualified technical personnel to support effective safety oversight

  • ▪️ Strategic collaboration with crucial aviation stakeholders to enhance safety in a coordinated manner

  • ▪️ Continued implementation of and compliance with ICAO SARPs at the national level.

 

 

Types of Airplane Crashes And Accidents

An accident, as defined by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), is a tragic event linked with the operation of an airplane that takes place from the moment any individual boards the plane with the intention of flight until all passengers have left. 

 

This includes instances where a person sustains fatal or severe injuries, the aircraft sustains damage or structural failure or becomes missing or completely inaccessible. However, experimental test flights, sabotage, hijacking, terrorism, or direct military action are not considered accidents. 

 

Depending on the severity of the incident, an accident can be categorized in various ways. One classification method is to identify the level of damage sustained, which can range from minor to catastrophic. Another approach is to evaluate the injuries imposed on individuals involved, ranging from minor to fatal. Additionally, the cost of repair or replacement of the aircraft can also be used as a metric for classification. These different classifications are commonly utilized in various taxonomies of accident categorization.

 

Damage: A thorough examination has determined that the damages sustained are beyond repair, or, if feasible, the expenses incurred for repairs would surpass half of the original cost of the aircraft at the time of purchase. 

 

Substantial damage is any harm that negatively impacts an aircraft's structural integrity, functionality, or aerodynamic properties. 

 

Minor Damage, considered minor, is characterized by its lack of significant impact on an aircraft's overall functionality and structural integrity. 

 

Fatal Injury: A fatal injury is a tragic occurrence resulting in the loss of life immediately or within 30 days following an accident. 

 

Serious Injury: On the other hand, a severe injury requires medical treatment and hospitalization for more than two days but not exceeding seven days after the incident.

 

This type of injury may include a fracture of any bone (except for simple fractures of the toes, fingers, or nose), damage to internal organs, muscle or tendon damage, burns of the second or third degree, or burns that cover more than 5 percent of the body. 

 

Accidents Classifications:- 

 

Hull Loss Accident:- A Hull Loss Accident is a catastrophic occurrence in which the aircraft sustains irreparable damage or is destroyed. This classification encompasses incidents where the plane is lost or missing, and the wreckage or waste is not recoverable. 

 

Major Accident: In this category, the result bears severe consequences for those involved. It is defined as a situation where one of the following criteria is met:

 

· The aircraft was destroyed.

· Multiple individuals lose their lives.

· There is a single fatality accompanied by significant damage to the aircraft.

 

Fatal Event: A tragic event that results in the loss of life for one or more people on board the aircraft.

 

Damage Incident: An incident in which the aircraft sustained significant damage. 

 

Serious Accident: A severe accident that meets one of the following criteria:

 

1. A single fatality without substantial damage to the aircraft.

2. There is at least one severe injury and substantial damage to the plane.

 

Minor Accident: An accident where the aircraft has sustained minor damage. 

 

Common Causes of Airline Crashes

Airline crashes are unpredictable - often, they are caused without any prior intuition. The first and foremost cause of airline crashes is pilot error. Other common causes include mechanical failure, weather, and bird strikes.

 

Let's see them detail by detail:

 

Pilot Error:

Pilot error is the number one cause of airline crashes. It's responsible for about 85% of all commercial airline accidents. The reasons for the pilot error are many and varied. Sometimes it's simply a matter of inexperience or poor training. Other times, it may be a question of judgment or decision-making in a difficult situation. Fatigue can also play a role, as can distractions in the cockpit (including cell phones).

 

Mechanical Failure:

Mechanical failure is another common cause of airplane accidents. Although modern airplanes are incredibly reliable, they are still complex machines with many moving parts. Sometimes those parts fail, with potentially disastrous results. And even when an outright mechanical failure doesn't cause an accident, mechanical problems can still contribute to it (for example, if a plane loses power due to engine trouble and then crashes while the pilots are trying to land it).

 

Weather:

Weather is also a leading cause of airplane accidents. Turbulence, high winds, lightning strikes, and other severe weather conditions can make flying very dangerous (sometimes even impossible). The icing on an airplane's wings can also be problematic, as it can reduce lift and increase drag.

 

Bird Strike:

Lastly, bird strikes are a surprisingly common cause of airplane accidents (particularly during take-off and landing). A collision with even a small bird can damage an airplane.

 

Technologies That Could Help Prevent Airplane Crashes

Many different technologies could help prevent airplane crashes. Some of these include:

 

The Installation of Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Systems: 

The ADS-B system allows air traffic controllers to track aircraft more accurately, which could help prevent collisions.

 

The Use of Terrain Awareness and Warning Systems (TAWS): 

TAWS is a technology that can warn pilots about potential dangers on the ground, such as mountains, trees, or other obstacles. This could help prevent crashes due to pilot errors.

 

The Implementation of Runway Incursion Prevention Systems: 

These systems use radar and other sensors to detect potential runway incursions (when an aircraft or vehicle enters a runway without clearance). This information is then displayed to air traffic controllers, who can take action to prevent a collision.

 

The Use of Collision Avoidance System (CAS): 

CAS is a technology that uses sensors to detect potential collisions with other aircraft or objects. If a collision is imminent, the CAS will provide visual and auditory warnings to the pilots so they can take evasive action.

 

 

Conclusion

Certainly, aircraft mishaps are one of the most tragic accidents that happen in the world. The recent news of Nepal in Pokhara Airport has caught people's attention worldwide. While the average rate of airplane crash fatality is one in 29.4 million people, it is still a dangerous thing that anyone could face. But with safety measures, you can board on a safe journey as it can be apprised with technical and mechanical support.

 

We share our heartfelt condolences and sympathy to the family of all passengers who lost their lives in the Yeti Airlines Aircraft crash near Pokhara Airport on January 15, 2023. Rest In Peace!!!

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