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Namche Bazaar: the capital of sherpas

  Written by : Swotah travel

   Sep 21, 2022


Namche Bazaar: the capital of sherpas

A narrow, steep-sided valley slices through the Himalayas, providing a lifeline for those living there. This is Namche Bazaar, a bustling market town that serves as a gateway to Mount Everest.


The air is thin here, and the cold is intense. But the people of Namche Bazaar are used to it. They have lived in this harsh environment for centuries, earning a living by trading goods with merchants traveling through the valley.


Namche Bazaar is the starting point for many expeditions to Mount Everest, and it is also a popular destination for trekkers. The town has everything you need for a comfortable stay, from hotels and restaurants to shops selling mountaineering gear.


But Namche Bazaar is more than just a resting spot for climbers. It is a place where cultures meet and mingle. Sherpas, Tibetans, Nepalis, and foreigners all rub shoulders in the market square. And despite the language barrier, there is a feeling of camaraderie among all who come here.


The town has a history dating back to the 15th century, when it was founded as a trading post between Tibet and Nepal. In the early days, traders would barter goods such as yak milk, wool, and salt for rice, tea, and grain.

Over time, Namche Bazaar became an important stopping point for pilgrims traveling to Lhasa, the capital of Tibet. In the early 20th century, it became a staging point for British expeditions to Mount Everest.


Today, Namche Bazaar is more popular than ever with tourists and trekkers. It is the perfect place to acclimate to the high altitude before undertaking a journey to the top of the world.


Namche Bazaar is a small Sherpa settlement nestled in a bowl-shaped valley at 3,440 meters (11,286 feet) in the Himalayas of northeastern Nepal's Khumbu region. It is the starting point for most expeditions to Mount Everest and lies on the main route to the Tibetan border.

It can be reached by a seven to eight-hour trek from Lukla, the nearest airport.


Attractions of Namche Bazaar

1. Local Markets

One of the best ways to get to know Namche Bazaar is to wander around the bustling markets. Here you'll find an array of goods, from fresh produce to traditional Buddhist artifacts.


Namche is the perfect place to stock up on supplies and gear for your trek. It's also great to buy souvenirs like Tibetan carpets and jewelry. Similarly, Namche Bazaar is filled with many hotels,  restaurants, and shops.


The main market square is an excellent place to people-watch and soaks up the local atmosphere.

As you wander around the market, you'll see Sherpa women in colorful dresses and Buddhist monks in crimson robes. You'll also hear a babble of different languages, as Namche is a melting pot of cultures.


2. Monasteries

Namche Bazaar is home to several monasteries, including the famous Tengboche Monastery. This centuries-old monastery is a popular stop for trekkers, who come to admire its architecture and stunning setting.

Tengboche Monastery in namche bazaar

The monastery sits atop a hill surrounded by mountains, offering sweeping views of the valley below. It's also a great place to learn about Tibetan Buddhism, as the monks here are happy to chat with visitors.


3. Hiking Trails

Namche Bazaar is the perfect base for exploring the surrounding area. Numerous hiking trails lead to nearby villages and lookout points.


One of the most popular trails is the hike to Everest View Hotel, which takes about three hours round-trip. The hotel sits at an altitude of 3800 meters (12,467 feet), offering panoramic views of some of the world's highest mountains, including Mount Everest, Lhotse, and Ama Dablam.

Another popular hike is to Khumjung village, which takes about five hours round-trip. This quaint village is home to a monastery and school founded by Sir Edmund Hillary.


4. Sherpa Museum

For a taste of local culture, be sure to visit the Sherpa Museum. This small museum is housed in an old Tibetan mansion and contains a collection of traditional artifacts.

You'll learn about the Sherpa people, their history, and their way of life. The museum also has a section on mountaineering, with exhibits on some of the most famous expeditions to Mount Everest.

The Sherpa Museum is a great way to get an insight into the culture and history of Namche Bazaar.


Namche Bazaar Weather

Namche is a Sherpa village with many Tibetan-style stone and slate buildings. The streets are lined with shops selling Tibetan carpets, jewelry, and thangkas, as well as Nepali and Western goods. There are also several restaurants, lodges, and Internet cafes.

Namche Bazaar is famous for its dramatic weather changes. The days are warm and sunny in the summer, but the nights can be cold. It can be very cold during the day in the winter, with temperatures sometimes dipping below freezing. The best time to visit Namche Bazaar is in the spring when the weather is milder, and the flowers are in bloom.


Things to consider before going to Namche Bazaar


If you're planning on visiting Namche Bazaar, you should keep a few things in mind. First, the altitude can be a challenge for some people. Namche Bazaar is located at 11,286 feet (3440 meters), so if you're not used to high altitudes, it's worth acclimatizing for a few days before heading up.

Namche Bazaar is the last major village on the Everest Base Camp trek before reaching base camp, so it's also worth stocking up on supplies here.

There may be limited payment options at higher altitudes, so it's best to bring enough cash to last the trip.

Finally, keep in mind that Namche Bazaar is a remote village. There are limited ATMs or banks, and cell phone service may not work properly.

Keep these things in mind, and you will surely have a great trip to Namche Bazaar!



Namche Bazaar is an enchanting town located in Nepal's Khumbu region. This hidden gem is tucked away in a valley beneath the towering Himalayan mountains and is home to a fascinating blend of cultures. From its bustling markets crammed full of Tibetan artifacts to its centuries-old monasteries, Namche Bazaar offers visitors a glimpse into another world.


Whether you're looking to hike to Everest Base Camp or simply soak up the local culture, Namche Bazaar is the perfect place to do it. Just be sure to pack your warm clothes, as the weather can be unpredictable!

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